Punjab land of Gurus, Sufi Saints, Rivers, derived its name from Persian words Panj (Five) and Aab (Water). These five rivers of Punjab are Sutlej, Beas, Ravi, Chenab, and Jhelum. Only Sutlej, Ravi and Beas rivers flow in present day Punjab. Punjab is widely known for its literature, culture, traditions and cuisines.
It is one of the most ancient civilizations in the world with a distinguished culture. Punjabi language has its origins in the Indo-European family of languages which included Persian and Latin. A land of ethnic and religious diversity, it is birth place of a number of religious movements. Some of the prominent ones include Sikhism, Buddhism and many Sufi schools of Islam.
However whenIndia got its independence on 15 August 1947, Punjab faced major turbulence as major chunk of its western part was given to Pakistan. Later on in November 1966 the state of Punjab was divided into three parts on the basis of language and two new states came into existence Haryana and Himachal Pradesh.
The populace of Punjab is famously known for its rich culture and ethnicity. The valour and never die attitude run into the bloods of Punjabis and this could be gauged from the fact that the state played key role in freedom struggle of the nation, besides strengthening Indian Armed forces till date.
Such was the level of involvement and commitment of the farmers to their profession that with just over two percent of the country’s geographical area and even less as a percentage of the country’s population, Punjab contributes the heaviest share among all states to the national food kitty, earning them it the sobriquet of the country “food bowl and granary.